Saturday, 4 July 2015

The Grand Slam

The Grand Slam tournaments, or Majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open in May and June, Wimbledon in June and July, and the US Open in August and September. Each tournament is played over a period of two weeks. The Australian and US tournaments are played on hard courts, the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924/25, the time when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments.

Thursday, 2 July 2015


Chakla Roshnabad :- A permanently settled estate, with an area of 570 square miles, belonging to the Raja of Hill Tippera, situated in the Eastern Bengal Districts of Tippera and Noakhali, and in the Assam District of Sylhet. In 1901-02 the demand for revenue was 1.53 lakhs and for cess of Rs. 56,000 the annual income from rents and cess is 8 lakhs. 

The estate originally formed part of the State of Hill Tippera, which came into the possession of the Muhammadans in 1733. The Muhammadans never troubled themselves about the hills, but they assessed the plains to revenue, and the East India Company followed their example. The revenue assessed at the Permanent Settlement in 1793 was cess of Rs. 1,39,676. At the request of the Raja, the estate was brought under survey and settlement in 1892-99, and the final report supplies complete information regarding it. Excluding the portion in Sylhet, which was not surveyed, the area measured was 558 square miles, of which 401 were cultivated, 39 cultivable waste, and the rest was made up of uncultivable lands and water.

517 square miles were rent paying, and of this area 252 square miles were held direct by riots, 208 square miles by tenure-holders with variable rents, and the balance by tenure-holders at fixed rents. The tendency is towards subdivision of the tenures rather than in the direction of further sub-infatuation. The average area of a riot's holding is 34 acres, from which he derives a net income of Rs. 133 per annum. Rice covered four-fifths of the cultivated area, the other important crops being jute (8,ooo acres), chillies (6,700 acres), mustard (4,932 acres), and sugar-cane (1,687 acres). The population of the estate in 1891 was 467,000, or 837 persons per square mile. The settlement increased the rental of the estate from 5.84 lakhs to 6.76 lakhs, or by 6 per cent., the cost of the operations being 5.28 lakhs, or Rs. 1-8 an acre. Chaklasi.-Town in the Nadiad tdluka of Kaira District, Bombay, situated in 22.39' N. and 72.57' E. Population (1901), 7,340. In 1898 an outbreak occurred here among persons of the Dharala caste, who had been led to believe that the British Government had ceased to exist. The police were at first repulsed, but eventually arrested the ringleaders. The town contains a boys' school with 303 pupils. 

One of the three circles into which the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Eastern Bengal and Assam, are divided for administrative purposes. It occupies the centre and north of the District, lying between 22. 7' and 23.13' N. and 9"43' and 92'36'E., with an area of 2,421 square miles. It is a land of hills and valleys, bounded on the south by the Bomong circle, on the north-west by the Mong circle, on the north and east by forest Reserves, and on the west by the District boundary. Population (1901), 48,789, having increased by 7.1 per cent. since 1891. The people mostly belong to a tribe known as Chakmas.